Everything you should know
before Traveling to COLOMBIA

21 March 2022
Capital: Bogota
Currency: Colombian peso
Official Language: Spanish
Dial Code: +57
Emergency Number: (1) Police - 112 (2) Ambulance - 125 (3) Fire - 119
GDP: 827.66 billion USD (2020)
Population: 50.37 million (2020)
Time Zone: UTC−5 Colombia Time
TheSassyBlogger Flag: It is a horizontal tricolor of yellow, blue and red. The yellow stripe takes up a half of the flag and the blue and red take up a quarter of the space each.

COLOMBIA Known for:

1. Coffee
Colombia is known for producing mild and balanced coffee beans. They are the third-highest producer of coffee worldwide and their Colombian coffee beans are grown across 2.2 million acres of highlands. Coffee is part of the national identity, so it’s a very important aspect to explore.
2. Cali Salsa Festival
The Cali Salsa Festival takes place each September in Santiago de Cali, which is the world’s Salsa Capital. This is a popular salsa retreat that offers private salsa classes, conferences, workshops, exhibitions, and parties where people dance until they drop.
3. Emeralds
Colombia mines and produces the most emeralds, which are among the most valuable jewels on the planet. The country accounts for 70 to 90 percent of the emerald market, which is incredible. Many people like to go to Zipaquira from Bogota to learn more about emeralds.

Best Food that you should taste once:
1. Ajiaco
The dish is especially popular in the Colombian capital, Bogotá, being called Ajiaco santafereño, where it is typically made with chicken, three varieties of potatoes, and the herb Galinsoga parviflora, known locally as guasca or guascas.
2. Lechona
Lechona and/or also known as lechon asado is a popular Colombian dish. It consists of a roast pig stuffed, yellow peas, green onion, yellow rice, and spices cooked in an outdoor, brick oven for about ten hours. It is traditional to the Tolima Department in central Colombia.
3. Arepa
Arepa is a type of food made of ground maize dough, originating from the northern region of South America in pre-Columbian times, and is notable primarily in the cuisines of Colombia and Venezuela, but also present in the cuisines of Bolivia and other countries.

Best Places to visit:
1. Bogota
Bogotá is the most high-altitude city in the world with such a large population. According to the occupied area Bogota is the third city in the world.Bogota isn’t just the capital of Colombia, it’s the largest city in the country with loads of different areas and neighborhoods. It accounts for a whopping 56% of tourism in Colombia.
2. Medellin
Medellín is also Colombia’s second-largest industrial center, and home to factories making everything from designer clothing to trucks. While Colombia might be known for its cocaine trade, life in Medellin is safer probably then in New York and drug consumption is lower than in Europe.
3. Cartagena
Cartagena is a perfectly preserved colonial town next to the Caribbean. During the narco heydays, Cartagena was considered the only “safe” spot in Colombia for tourists. Cartagena is the second largest city on the Caribbean coast, after Barranquilla – and the fifth largest city in Colombia.
4. Barranquilla
Nazca pilgrimage site covering 370 acres is a popular stop for archeAverage temperatures in Barranquilla vary barely at all. Considering humidity, temperatures feel hot all year with a low chance of precipitation most of the year. Barranquilla is most famous for its annual carnival which is one of the largest in the world. The carnival attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors to the city from all over the globe.
5. Cali
Cali is Colombia's third largest city and a center for sugar, coffee and textile industry. Cali has some very humid months, and above average humidity throughout the year. The Cali lies on 956m above sea level Cali's climate is classified as tropical. There is more rainfall in the winter than in the summer in Cali.

Best Season to visit
Dry Season- December to March is the dry season with sunny days and warm weather which is the best time to visit Colombia for exploring the cities and beaches. Another small dry season lasts in Colombia from July to September and it can be a good time to visit Colombia as well.

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